[racket] Nice article on scientific computing in Racket

From: Bradley Lucier (lucier at math.purdue.edu)
Date: Mon Oct 27 14:22:52 EDT 2014

By the way, I really like the underlying theme that modern
floating-point arithmetic has properties as rigorous and well defined as
those of integer arithmetic, and these properties can be relied on.

Over the years I've had several people working on multi-precision
arithmetic tell me that they just don't "trust" floating-point
arithmetic, whether or not there are theorems that describe this
behavior precisely.

And in 2003 the great Arnold Schoenhage replied to an email of mine with

    > By the way, you may be interested in a very nice paper by Colin
    > Percival, which has the following review in Math Reviews:

    > For modern processors where much effort has been placed to make
    > floating-point arithmetic very fast (often faster than integer
    > arithmetic), this paper might tip the speed balance to
    > floating-point-based FFT algorithms.

       The idea to use floating-point arithmetic because of its
    actual speed due to extra silicon efforts by the processor
    manufacturers is like recommending to a sportsman to `run'
    faster by driving a car. --- Seriously speaking, it is
    somewhat questionable to develop our algorithms under the
    biases of existing hardware; rather the hardware should be
    designed according to basic and clean algorithmic principles!
    --- Imagine how fast our multi-precision routines would be
       if some company would be willing to spend that much
      silicon for a TP32 in hardware!

So not using floating-point arithmetic was also a cultural issue for him!

TP32 is a virtual machine that Schoenhage designed to program
multi-precision arithmetic algorithms, much as Knuth designed MIX to
implement his algorithms.  (They're roughly at the same level, too, it's
like programming in assembler.)  The difference is that TP32 has a
relatively fast interpreter.

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