# [racket] dotted-tail notation

 From: Stephen Chang (stchang at ccs.neu.edu) Date: Thu Nov 22 12:44:14 EST 2012 Previous message: [racket] dotted-tail notation Next message: [racket] bracket conversion? Messages sorted by: [date] [thread] [subject] [author]

```The dotted notation will give you the rest of the args in a list but
you still have to call the function in the standard way. In your
recursive call, you are giving the function a list of arguments
instead of each argument individually. Here's the output if I print
items on each call to list-rf:

(1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25)
((4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25))
(())
(())

You can use apply to do what you want here:

(define list-rf (lambda ( n . items )
(if (= n 0)
(car items)
(apply list-rf (- n 1)(cdr items)))))

(list-rf 3 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25)

=> 16

On Tue, Nov 20, 2012 at 12:45 PM, sam <throwit1 at hotmail.com> wrote:
> I already spent a couple of hours on this, hope I am not missing something really obvious - does the dotted notation produce some kind of flat list instead of cons cells?
>
>
>
> (define list-rf (lambda ( n . items )
>   (if (= n 0)
>       (car items)
>       (list-rf (- n 1)(cdr items)))))
>
> (list-rf 3 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25 1 4 9 16 25)
>
> output: '()
>
> If I try to end the recursion on (null? items) it goes into an infinite loop
>
>
> (define test2 (lambda  y
>                 (if (or(null? y)(null? (cdr y)))
>                   y
>                   (printf"~a~n"(cons (car y) (test2 (cdr y)))))))
>
>
>
> (test2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7);=>     <i>(1 3 5 7)</i>
> (trace test2)
>
> output:
> {2 {3 4 5 6 7}}
> {1 {2 3 4 5 6 7}}
>
> and test2 doesn't recur.  If I replace that (if (or (null ...
> with
>          (if (null? y)
>
> the prompt never returns.
>
> it's confusing the heck out of me.
> ____________________
>   Racket Users list:
>   http://lists.racket-lang.org/users
```

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