# [plt-scheme] How to apply a multi-argument function to each element of a list

 From: Ryan Culpepper (ryanc at ccs.neu.edu) Date: Tue Mar 2 19:51:27 EST 2010 Previous message: [plt-scheme] How to apply a multi-argument function to each element of a list Next message: [plt-scheme] How to apply a multi-argument function to each element of a list Messages sorted by: [date] [thread] [subject] [author]

```Carl Eastlund wrote:
> Barry,
>
> There are a few options.
>
> You can have the students write:
>
> (define (encrypt-message m)
>   (encrypt 17 40 m))
>
> Then you dodge this problem entirely.

And if 17 and 40 are not constants but computed from other arguments,
you can use 'local' to put the function definition in the scope of the
other arguments.

Ryan

>
> Or you can write:
>
> (map (curry encrypt 17 40) (list ...))
>
> Be careful with the "curry" function.  It can do funny things if the
> function you give it accepts a variable number of arguments.  But for
> a simple 3-argument function like "encrypt", it should work just fine.
>
> Or you can write any number of variations on your own version of
> "curry" and give it to students.  But you probably want the above, to
> keep things simple.
>
> Carl Eastlund
>
> On Tue, Mar 2, 2010 at 6:54 PM, Barry Brown <barry at cs.sierracollege.edu> wrote:
>> Sorry this is probably a basic question. Other than being familiar with the
>> HtDP material, I am kind of a Scheme newbie.
>>
>> I'm working on an assignment for my students to implement RSA encryption.
>> One of the problems is, naturally, to write a function called encrypt that
>> consumes the encryption key pair e and n, along with a message m to encrypt.
>> They are using the Pretty Big language.
>>
>> encrypt : number number number -> number
>>
>> I would then like to use the encrypt function to encrypt a list of numbers.
>> Now, if Scheme had implicit currying like Haskell, I could do something like
>> this:
>>
>> (map (encrypt 17 40) (list 100 115 76))
>>
>> How can I do this in Scheme? The students have not seen lambda, nor will
>> they be introduced to it. This for a course in discrete structures; I'm
>> using Scheme to help illustrate some of the concepts they are learning.
>>
>> I think the syntax ought to be similar to the "apply" function, but instead
>> of constructing an argument list, it applies the function to each element of
>> the list, using the two given arguments:
>>
>> (apply-func encrypt 17 40 (list 100 115 76))
>>
>> would be equivalent to:
>>
>> (list (encrypt 17 40 100) (encrypt 17 40 115) (encrypt 17 40 76))
>>