[plt-scheme] Re: Some fine distinctions

From: John Clements (clements at brinckerhoff.org)
Date: Wed May 13 13:07:48 EDT 2009

On May 13, 2009, at 9:58 AM, wooks wrote:

> On May 13, 2:47 pm, Robby Findler <ro... at eecs.northwestern.edu> wrote:
>> (but it is an arity error so maybe that doesn't count...)
> Ach!!
> fixed the arity error and the incorrect base case.
> sumlists :: listoflists -> number
> (define sumlists
>   (lambda (a-list)
>      (let sumlists ([a-list a-list] [accum 0])
>        (cond
>         [(empty? a-list) accum]
>         [(list? (first a-list)) (sumlists (rest a-list)
>                                  (+ accum (sumlists (first a-list))
> 0))]
>         [else (sumlists (rest a-list) (+ accum (first a-list)))]))))
> So I repeat. It's not tail recursive and I don't see how it could be
> made to be.
> If I'm right about the first two, isn't one better off writing it
> stack recursively.

*Anything* can be made tail-recursive.

Here's an off-the cuff version:

;;sumlists :: listoflists -> number
(define sumlists
   (lambda (a-list)
      (let sumlists ([a-list a-list] [accum 0] [stack empty])
         [(empty? a-list) (cond [(empty? stack) accum]
                                [else (sumlists (first stack) accum  
(rest stack))])]
         [(list? (first a-list)) (sumlists (first a-list) accum (cons  
(rest a-list) stack))]
         [else (sumlists (rest a-list) (+ accum (first a-list))  

My one test case suggests that it works.

John Clements

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