[plt-scheme] How to define C-structure type with bit fields using FFI?

From: Jon Rafkind (workmin at ccs.neu.edu)
Date: Tue Sep 26 21:40:57 EDT 2006

I dont know if it will help you a whole lot but I binded scheme to sdl a
while ago. Attached is my somewhat incomplete version but you can steal
whatever you like. I did something like what Eli wrote below for the
video flags.

BTW, SDL by itself is very primitive and you will need another C library
to do any real work( like drawing lines ). There are other libraries
built on top of SDL to do this but I quickly abandoned SDL for a
higher-level library, allegro: http://alleg.sf.net. The bindings are
available via planet:

I have a cheesy game using the sdl bindings too, abm, if you are interested.

Eli Barzilay wrote:
> On Sep 26, Nikolay Artamonov wrote:
>> Hi all!
>> Is it possible to define C-structure type, using FFI, for structure
>> with bit fields?
> No.
>> For example, we have this structure in C-side:
>> typedef struct{
>>    Uint32 hw_available:1;
>>    Uint32 wm_available:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_hw:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_hw_CC:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_hw_A:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_sw:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_sw_CC:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_sw_A:1;
>>    Uint32 blit_fill;
>>    Uint32 video_mem;
>>    SDL_PixelFormat *vfmt;
>> } SDL_VideoInfo;
>> (This is real structure from SDL library - http://www.libsdl.org)
>> And how we can express that structure in our Scheme-wrapper with,
>> for example, define-cstruct? Are there direct ways for it, or we
>> should write some auxiliary C-code or even MzScheme extension?
> You need to specify the actual representation (I'm not sure if C will
> use a char or an int for that), then deal with number in Scheme using
> the bitwise functions.  The above case looks particularly simple -- it
> looks like you can use the _bitmask type to represent the field as a
> list of up to 8 symbols.
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